Cyber Security- Meaning, Courses, Jobs and Salary

cyber security
Written by Robin Okwanma

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber Security Meaning– Cyber Security is also known as Computer Security or Information Technology Security. It has to do with the protection of networks and computer systems from information theft, damage or theft of hardware and software and unwanted disruption of services.

Every IT based organization needs cyber security especially the big companies. The bigger you are, the bigger the target on your back for hackers and unhealthy competition. This is where cyber security comes in as it’s aim is defending your server and networks from malicious attacks.

Also Read- Top 10 Web Development Companies in Nigeria

Cyber Security Courses in Universities

If you want to specialize in cyber security, here are some courses you may consider studying in the university;

  1. Ethical Hacking
  2. Information Technology
  3. Computer Science
  4. Cyber Security
  5. Cloud Security
  6. Computer Forensics
  7. Information Systems Security
  8. Networking
  9. Software Engineering
  10. Computer Engineering

Cyber Security Jobs and Salary

Cyber security is a very broad field, there are many kinds and levels of workers in cyber security. It all depends on the exact section they are working on. Here are top 5 cyber security jobs, their area of specialization and salary;

Security Architect

A security architect has one of the most crucial roles in cyber security. They are responsible for designing structures to prevent malicious attacks on a server or network. Security architects perform vulnerability tests and can also give other cyber security team members technical support.

Security Architect Salary- $97k per year

Also Read- 10 Things a Smartwatch Can Do Without A Phone

Chief Information Security Officer (CISO)

A Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) is a senior-level officer who ensures the complete safety of information in an organization. CISOs are responsible for developing and maintaining information security and risk management programs, and they are also required to interact with stakeholders and they brief them about the information security concerns. Usually, one becomes a CISO after having good experience in a few other cybersecurity job roles.

Chief Information Security Officer Salary- $166k per year

Malware Analyst

Malware analysts are responsible for critically analyzing threats such as viruses, malwares and worms. They study their nature, understand how they behave and how to avoid and protect a network from it

Malware Analyst Salary- $92k per year

Cyber Security Engineer

A cyber security engineer works on creating security measures to prevent the organization from a cyber attack. They are responsible for protecting the organization’s networks and data. They design cybersecurity platforms and also collaborate with the other teams to maintain overall security.

Cyber Security Engineer Salary- $125k per year

Computer Forensics Analyst 

Computer Forensics work on attack cases and try to retrieve stolen data by gathering digital evidence. Their major work revolves around data recovery after a cyber attack

Computer Forensics Analyst- The average salary of a computer forensics analyst is $75k per year.


In the tech world and the world of information technology, cyber security is vital part of every organization that stores important data on their servers. Studying cyber security is very lucrative as they are high in demand from small scale to large businesses. In Nigeria the average salary of a cyber security engineer can range between 200k-500k naira per month. It depends on the organization you work for.


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About the author

Robin Okwanma

Hi, I'm Robin Okwanma. Software Engineer || Django, Python || React, React Native || Blogger. Technical Writer.